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ItalicaRoman Archaeological Ensemble of Italica

Scipio "the African" Italica founded in 206 BC during the war against Carthage and although at first it was mainly a field hospital for war wounded, grew rapidly gaining importance. The links of the Empire Italica, whose name recalls the origin of its founders, would be very narrow.


The Roman Theatre of Italica dates from time of Augustus. It was built in three stages between 30 and 37 dc Later, during the 60's and 80 dc, important reforms were made in the semicircular facade and in the scene. A late first and early second century, the porticus post scaenam becomes enclosed courtyard and a few years after it was built a temple dedicated to the goddess Isis. Over time this porch becomes public forum. Destroyed during the barbarian invasions, the Theatre during the Middle Ages and later used as a cemetery for farmers and industrial purposes.ItalicaA partir del siglo XVII , con el traslado de la villa de Santiponce a las colinas donde se hallaba la vieja Itálica, el Teatro queda oculto bajo el caserío, hasta que se saca a luz en fechas muy recientes.

Francisco Collantes de Terán and Delorme, in 1937, documents the existence of remains of the theater under a series of buildings. In 1970 we proceed to a first excavation, but it was not until 1979 when a systematic recovery work begins. The Roman Theatre of Italica follows the shape of a typical Roman theater city, close to an area of public buildings and facing east. The cavea is semicircular shape (71 meters in diameter), closed at the front in which five gates were located; the central open to a porch. In the orchestra the steps of the moenia (22.5 meters in diameter) were placed. The pulpiti frons has exedras to house sources. The frons scaena (48.5 meters long) had two bodies with rectangular niches and doors; both structures the scene as the proscenium was later built. The porticus post scaenam was originally an open space that was subsequently closed to create a garden in which a temple dedicated to Isis was erected. The construction technique all s. I dc is concrete, and from Trajano the brick is used. The building was decorated with polychrome wall and floor tiles marble dedicatory inscriptions in letters of bronze reliefs sake, sculptured fountains, marble columns, statues, etc.


italic Amphitheatre The name of italic refers to Italy, land of origin of the first inhabitants of the city. Marco was born in Italica Ulpius Trajan (53-117), first emperor born a Roman province. His successor, Publius Aelius Hadrian (76-138), although in Rome, was partly educated in Italica, city which honored him with the creation of a new neighborhood (nova urbs).

In Italica must distinguish two areas: the urbs vetus (old city), founded by Scipio core and the nova urbs (New City), district of Hadrian foundation. The latter works only from the first third of the second century to the mid-third, about a century. The rest of the city survives until the times of Muslim domination.

Currently, the urbs vetus lies under the center of the village of Santiponce, settled here since the seventeenth century. The plot of the nova urbs, which corresponds to the visitable area Archaeological, was farmland until recent times.

The history of archaeological excavations in Italica begins with those carried out by Francisco de Bruna between 1,781 and 1,788. From then until now have not stopped archaeological work on the site of the old Roman city.

The area open to the public includes part of the neighborhood built by Hadrian initiative in the first third of the second century (nova urbs) a theater located in the urbs vetus and modern forest park around the amphitheater. The streets are characterized by their large width and its arcaded sidewalks. Even today the pavement and curbs looks and pathways, sidewalks, foundations of the pillars of the portico. The route of the road is orthogonal, forming rectangular blocks of various sizes. Highlight relevant to public buildings, some of which occupy the space of two or three normal apples. Different cases are Amphitheatre and Theatre, located outside the city walls. italic Mosaic The city was provided with a service water supply and a sewage system. Running water was a network of sewers. Running water was by an aqueduct to tanks (castellum aquae) and from there went to public sources and main buildings through lead pipes. Wastewater is discharged into sewers, now visible under grates at intersections of streets.

Before the itinerary remember that you visit the neighborhood was conceived by Adriano probably as an honorable city dedicated to his predecessor and adoptive father, the emperor Trajan deified. In it have a place, so far as we know, six public buildings and about fifty houses (usually, two in each block, most unexcavated).

1. Walls: the city is accessed through a door flanked by two torresrectangulares.

2. Casa de la Exedra: Includes a Spa and an elongated fore, whose background you can see a large concrete blocks, which are the ruins of the dome covering a large exedra. The central court, presided over by a beautiful fountain, presents porticos with cruciform pillars.

3. Neptune House: It occupies a large apple that has been only partially excavated. It also contains a Termas and other rooms decorated with bellosmosaicos.

4. Casa del Patio Rodio.

5 Holiday Hylas.

6. Bird House: Its walls have recently been raised in an attempt to recreate the spaces that shaped housing. This is organized around a peristyle or porticoed garden. Rich mosaics decorating the floors of the main rooms.

7. Traianeum: Temple dedicated to Trajan surrounded by an arcaded square with exedras.

8. House of the Planetarium: The mosaic that gives name to this house consists of a circle within which seven medallions with busts are distributed. Represent the planetary deities in the Roman calendar, giving name to each of the days of the week.

9. Older Baths: Was a leisure center which housed, along with other services public restrooms. Occupies a large block only partly excavated.

10. Amphitheatre: It is the largest of the Roman Empire, accommodating twenty-five thousand spectators. The bleachers (cavea) consisted of three levels of bleachers (ima, media and summa cavea), of which only partially preserved the bottom two. In the center of the arena there is a pit covered with wooden unaestructura, was used as a service area for performances that involved gladiators and wild beasts.


To view the location of Italica click on the map:


From 1 January to March 31 and September 16 to December 31: From Tuesday to Saturday from 10:00 to 18:30 h. Sundays and holidays from 10:00 to 17:00 h. Monday (non holiday): Closed.

Del 1 de Abril al 15 de Junio: De Martes a Sábado de 10:00 a 20:30 h. Domingos y festivos de 10:00 a 17:00 h. Lunes (no festivos): Cerrado.

Del 16 de Junio al 15 de Septiembre: De Martes a Domingos y festivos de 10:00 a 17:00 h. Lunes (no festivo): Cerrado.


Ciudadanos de la UE acreditados: gratuita. Otros Países: 1,50 euros.